Herpes Keratitis is basically referred to the swelling of the cornea. The cornea is a transparent, dome-shaped cell in front the eye which conceals the pupil as well as the iris. Herpes Keratitis can or might not be linked with any kind of infection. Non-infectious keratitis can be triggered by moderately smaller injury, putting on contact lenses for prolonged periods of time or other kinds of ailments. Infectious keratitis can be triggered by parasites, bacteria, fungi and viruses. This article mainly focuses on keratitis triggered by viruses (i.e. herpes).
Herpes keratitis is mainly associated with inflammation of the eye. Hence, you need to consult a doctor immediately the instant you notice redness in your eye. Prompt medical attention should be able to clear the ailment and as such minimizing the risk of losing your eyesight. On the other hand, if the condition is not treated on time, herpes keratitis can result in severe medical condition thus resulting in permanent eye loss.
Signs and Symptoms
What are the signs and symptoms commonly associated with herpes keratitis? Listed below are the common indicators linked to herpes keratitis:
– Redness in the eye.
– Weakening vision.
– Blurred vision.
– Pain in the eye.
– Feeling as if there is something in your eye.
– Excess discharge of tears.
– Sensitivity to light.
– Problems with opening of the eyelids as a result of the pain and irritation.
When Should You Consult a Doctor?
You need to consult a doctor the instant that you notice the signs and symptoms listed above. Consulting a doctor will enable him or her to determine whether you are suffering from herpes keratitis. As pointed out earlier, prolonging treatment can lead to more complications, for example, blindness.
What Causes Herpes Keratitis?
There are several factors that can trigger herpes keratitis, for example, injury, viruses and contaminated water amongst others. For more information, keep reading this article to the very end.
The Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) as well as Herpes Zoster are the viruses commonly associated with keratitis. The other virus commonly associated with keratitis is the chlamydia. Herpes can be transmitted through:
– Sexual intercourse.
– Oral sex.
– Contact sport.
The virus is transmitted when you kiss someone with oral herpes since they have sores and blisters on the mouth or lips that burst and pass to the other person. Having unprotected sex with someone suffering from herpes can also trigger the infection.
#2: Contaminated Water
There are chemicals inside the water that can also trigger keratitis. The chemicals used in swimming pools can also cause irritation of the eye.
Listed below are some of the factors that may make an individual more susceptible to herpes keratitis:
– Weakening immune system: The immune system can be compromised by a myriad of factors, for example, diseases such as HIV/AIDS, medications and menstruation. Reduced immune system can be improved by taking medications and supplements designed to boost the immune system. Improving your diet is also another way of ensuring that your immune system is not compromised. Each time you sit down to have a meal, make sure that the food is well balanced.
– Sharing: Sharing items such as towels and contact lenses can also make you susceptible to herpes keratitis. As such, it is crucial that you keep personal effects private.
– Warm climate: If you reside in a warm region, you are at high risk of developing herpes keratitis, especially when particles such as pollen grains get into your eye.
Herpes Keratitis Treatment
If it is determined that the keratitis you are suffering from has been triggered by viral infection, your doctor may prescribed antiviral eye drops. There are also antiviral oral medications which your doctor can prescribe to manage the ailment.