Herpes is also commonly referred to as HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus). Herpes Simplex Virus is grouped into two classes:
– HSV-1 (Herpes Simplex Virus – Type 1) which is also commonly referred to as oral herpes.
– HSV-2 (Herpes Simplex Virus – Type 2) which is also commonly referred to as genital herpes.
HSV-1 triggers sores around the mouth, nose and lips. Because of the sores, oral herpes are also commonly known as fever blisters or cold sores. Whereas HSV-1 has been known to trigger genital herpes, a majority of cases of genital herpes are triggered by HSV-2. In herpes simplex virus type 2, an infected person usually displays symptoms such as sores around the genital area. Even though the herpes simplex virus type 2 can occur in different areas of the body, the sores are commonly found beneath the waist region.
What Triggers HSV and Outbreaks?
HSV-1 is primarily transmitted from one person to the other via oral secretions and sores on the skin. A person can contract herpes simplex virus type 1 through sexual intercourse, oral sex, kissing and sharing of items such as towels, toothbrushes, spoons and other utensils. In essence, a person can only contract the herpes simplex virus type two through unprotected sexual intercourse with a carrier. Then again, it is important to point out that one can contract the infection even though sores might not be present in the genital area.
Since genital herpes can be passed from the mother to the child during birth, it is important that a pregnant woman with genital herpes consult a physician so that chances of infection are minimized during the delivery process. More than often, the virus stays dormant for prolonged periods of time. However, the virus can be activated when the immune system is weakened as a result of fatigue, menstruation, emotional and physical stress, strain on the affected region, especially during sexual intercourse and general ailments.
Signs and Symptoms of Herpes Simplex Virus
The Herpes Simplex Virus is usually typified by lesions and blisters that appear on the mouth, lips and nose. These symptoms are normally associated with oral herpes. Genital herpes is typified by blisters, lesions and soreness in the vaginal area, penis and scrotum.
How is Herpes Simplex Virus Diagnosed?
Usually, the appearance of HSV is distinctive and testing is not required in order to verify the diagnosis. In instances where the health provide is not sure about the existence of herpes simplex virus, the virus can be diagnosed through a laboratory tests.
Herpes Simplex Virus Treatment
Even though there is no treatment of herpes, there are treatments that are used to ease the symptoms. Prescribed medications can eased the aches associated with the outbreak, thus reducing the amount of time taken for complete healing. Medications have also been known to decrease the amounts of outbreaks. Examples of medications used to cure herpes simplex virus include, but not limited to Valtrex. If you have genital sores, the pains can be eased by taking warm baths.
Is Herpes Simplex Virus Painful?
There are people who experience mild forms of genital herpes. On the other hand, there are people who don’t even experience the symptoms. More than often, persons with genital herpes do not even know that they have the disease. Nonetheless, when the symptoms are triggered, they are usually painful. Pain is extreme amongst people who experience the outbreaks for the first time. Herpes outbreaks are usually characterized by pains around the genital area, burning sensations and itchy feeling. There are people who also experience pain while urinating and discharge from the vagina and penis.
Oral herpes (Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 normally triggers tingling feeling and burning sensation just before the formation of blisters.